A new paper, led by Elise Potier and Benjamin Loubet, shows that leaf infusion solutions destroy ozone faster the older the leaves are. Read more here. This experimental study corroborates nicely our previous modelling work that suggested that during dew or rainy periods, high ozone deposition were caused by ozone destruction in the water film covering the leaves inside a wheat canopy, especially during senescence (Potier et al., 2015).
Abstract | In this study we present results from a laboratory experiment designed to evaluate the first-order chemical reaction rate (kr) of ozone in water films on plant leaves occurring during dew or rain events. Ozone deposition to wet cuticles is indeed known to be a significant pathway of ozone deposition, but the underlying processes are not yet well understood. Leaf infusions obtained by infusing plant leaves with water at room temperature were introduced into a wet effluent denuder fed with a flux of ozone-rich air. Ozone, water vapour concentrations and temperature were measured in both inlet and outlet airflows in order to compute ozone reaction rates kr using an ozone reaction-diffusion model in the water film. Ascorbate solutions were used to validate the set up and led to kr = 3.6 107 M−1 s−1 consistent with the literature. Ozone reaction rates were determined for wheat, beech, oak and pine leaves infusions at several developmental stages were, as well as for rain samples. Leaf infusions reaction rates were between 240 s−1 and 3.4 105 s−1 depending on species and developmental stage, while kr for rain water range from 130 to 830 s−1. Wheat leaves solutions showed significantly (P < 0.001) higher kr (median 73800 s−1) compared to the other tree species (median 4560 s−1). Senescing or dead leaves also showed significantly (P < 0.001) larger kr (median 21100 s−1) compared to non-senescent leaves (median 3200 s−1). In wheat, kr also increased with increasing yellow leaf fraction. Our results are in the range of previously reported ozone deposition on wet leaves in field or chamber studies. Composition of leaves infusions and previous studies on throughfall and dew composition shows that reaction of ozone with inorganic compounds may only explain the smallest measured kr. The largest kr observed during senescent are most likely due to reaction with organic material. This is confirmed by our LC-MS measurements which showed detection of ascorbate and VOCs as well as the reaction products of ozone with these compounds.